IRS Increases Health FSA Contribution Limit for 2018, Adjusts Other Benefit Limits
On October 20, 2017, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released Revenue Procedure 2017-58, which raises the health Flexible Spending Account (FSA) salary reduction contribution limit by $50 to $2,650 for plan years beginning in 2018. The Revenue Procedure also contains the cost-of-living adjustments that apply to dollar limitations in certain sections of the Internal Revenue Code. The following summarizes other adjustments relevant to individuals and employer sponsors of welfare and fringe benefit plans.
Qualified Commuter Parking and Mass Transit Pass Monthly Limit Increase
For 2018, the monthly limitation for the qualified transportation fringe benefit is $260, as is the monthly limitation for qualified parking (in both cases, a $5 increase from the 2017 limit).
Small Employer Health Insurance Tax Credit Average Annual Wage Limit Increase
For 2018, the maximum average annual wages of employees used for determining who is an eligible small employer for purposes of the credit is $53,400 (a $1,000 increase from the 2017 threshold). The average annual wage level at which the tax credit begins to phase out for eligible small employers is $26,700 (a $500 increase from the 2017 threshold).
Adoption Assistance Tax Credit Increase
For 2018, the amount that can be excluded from an employee’s gross income for the adoption of a child with special needs is $13,840 (a $270 increase from the 2017 limit). The maximum amount that can be excluded from an employee’s gross income for the amounts paid or expenses incurred by an employer for qualified adoption expenses furnished pursuant to an adoption assistance program for other adoptions by the employee is $13,840 (a $270 increase from the 2017 limit). The amount excludable from an employee’s gross income begins to phase out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income in excess of $207,580 (a $4,040 increase from the 2017 threshold) and is completely phased out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income of $247,580 or more (a $4,040 increase from the 2017 threshold).
Qualified Small Employer Health Reimbursement Arrangement (QSEHRA) Increase
For 2018, reimbursements under a QSEHRA cannot exceed $5,050 (single) / $10,250 (family). This represents an increase of $50 (single) / $250 (family) from 2017.
Refundable Credit for Coverage Under a Qualified Health Plan
For 2018, the limit on repayment of excess advance premium credits is determined using the following table:
|If the household income (expressed as a percent of the federal poverty line) is:||The limitation amount for unmarried individuals (other than surviving spouses and heads of household) is:||The limitation amount for all other taxpayers is:|
|Less than 200%||$300||$600|
|At least 200% but less
|At least 300% but less than 400%||$1,300||$2,600|
|Over 400% of the federal poverty line||No cap (full amount repaid)||No cap (full amount repaid)|
In other words, individuals who were ultimately ineligible for the premium credits they received will have their repayment capped based on the table above.
Reminder: 2018 HSA Contribution Limits and HDHP Deductible and Out-of-Pocket Limits
Earlier this year, the IRS announced the inflation adjusted amounts for 2018 relevant to HSAs and high deductible health plans (HDHPs). The table below summarizes those adjustments.
|2018 (single/family)||2017 (single/family)|
|Annual HSA Contribution Limit||$3,450 / $6,900||$3,400 / $6,750|
|Minimum Annual HDHP Deductible||$1,350 / $2,700||$1,300 / $2,600|
|Maximum Out-of-Pocket for HDHP||$6,650 / $13,300||$6,550 / $13,100|
The ACA’s out-of-pocket limits for in-network essential health benefits have also increased for 2018. Note that all non-grandfathered group health plans must contain an embedded individual out-of-pocket limit within family coverage, if the family out-of-pocket limit is above $7,350 (2018 plan years) or $7,150 (2017 plan years). Exceptions to the ACA’s out-of-pocket limit rule are available for certain small group plans eligible for transition relief (referred to as “Grandmothered” plans). Unless extended, relief for Grandmothered plans ends December 31, 2018.
|2018 (single/family)||2017 (single/family)|
|ACA Maximum Out-of-Pocket||$7,350 / $14,700||$7,150 / $14,300|
ACA Reporting Penalties (Forms 1094-B, 1095-B, 1094-C, 1095-C)
The following table reflects penalties for returns filed in the applicable year (i.e., the 2018 penalty is for returns filed in 2018 for calendar year 2017). Note that failure to provide Form 1095-C to an employee and the IRS may result in two penalties, as each are supposed to receive the form (increased for willful failures, with no cap on the penalty).
|Penalty Description||2019 Penalty||2018 Penalty|
|Failure to file an information return or provide a payee statement||$270 for each return with respect to which a failure occurs||$260 for each return with respect to which a failure occurs|
|Annual penalty limit for non-willful failures||$3,282,500||$3,218,500|
|Lower limit for entities with gross receipts not exceeding $5M||$1,094,000||$1,072,500|
|Failures corrected within 30 days of required filing date||$50||$50|
|Annual penalty limit when corrected within 30 days||$547,000||$536,000|
|Lower limit for entities with gross receipts not exceeding $5M when corrected within 30 days||$191,000||$187,500|
|Failures corrected by August 1||$100||$100|
|Annual penalty limit when corrected by August 1||$1,641,000||$1,609,000|
|Lower limit for entities with gross receipts not exceeding $5M when corrected by August 1||$547,000||$536,000|
|Failure to file an information return or provide a payee statement due to intentional disregard||$540 for each return with respect to which a failure occurs (no cap)||$530 for each return with respect to which a failure occurs (no cap)|
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